Best Targeted therapy in Nallagandla, Hyderabad


Best Targeted therapy in Nallagandla, Hyderabad

Targeted therapy uses drugs to precisely target specific molecules (for example, proteins) within cancer cells or on their surfaces. It is used to:

  • slower the growth of cancer
  • destroy cancer cells
  • alleviate symptoms caused by cancer

There are different types of targeted therapy drugs, and they each work differently depending on what molecule (gene or protein) the drug is targeting.

Some of the targeted therapy drugs target specific proteins in cancer cells not found in normal cells.

Other targeted therapy drugs focus on mutated proteins or genes in cancer cells.

There are many different types of targeted therapy drugs, and they are put into groups based on how they work. The two main groups of targeted therapy drugs are monoclonal antibodies and small molecule inhibitors.

Many different targeted therapies have been approved for use in cancer treatment. These therapies include hormone, signal transduction, gene expression modulators, apoptosis inducers, angiogenesis, immunotherapies, and toxin delivery molecules.

Benefits of Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy modifies proteins within cancer cells that cause those cells to die. Prevent new blood vessels from forming, which cuts the blood supply to tumor, tells the mmune system to attack the cancer cells, and deliver toxins that kill cancer cells without harming healthy cells.

How is targeted therapy different from chemotherapy?

Like other drugs used to treat cancer, targeted therapy drugs are technically considered chemotherapy. But targeted therapy drugs work differently from chemotherapy in two key ways:

  • Because of their targeted nature, these drugs affect the cancer cells and mostly leave normal, healthy cells. Traditional chemotherapy is cytotoxic to most cells, meaning it can damage normal, healthy cells as well.
  • Targeted drugs often work by blocking or turning off the cancer cells from copying themselves and prevent them from dividing and making new cells. Traditional chemotherapy, however, kills cancer cells that have already been made.

How targeted therapy works

  • Targeted therapies are made to find and target specific areas or substances in cancer cells or can detect and block or turn off chemical signals, which helps cancer cells grow. Some of the substances which are the "targets" of targeted therapies are:
    • Too much of a specific protein on a cancer cell
    • A protein that is on cancer cells and not on normal cells.
    • A protein that is changed in some way on a cancer cell
    • Gene (DNA) changes that are not in a normal cell.

Targeted drugs can work to:

  • Block or turn off the chemical signals that tell the cancer cell to grow and spread
  • Changes in proteins within the cancer cells
  • Stop making new blood vessels to feed the cancer cells
  • Trigger the immune system to destroy the cancer cells
  • Carry toxins to the cancer cells but not to normal cells

Authored by Dr K Srinivas Rao - Best Radiation Oncologist in Nallagandla, Hyderabad


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